Sin

God created mankind perfect, but our first parents, Adam and Eve, rebelled and disobeyed the command God gave them. The sin of Adam is passed down through the whole human race, and the root of sin is present at conception. This "original sin" leads to actual sins, as we follow our natural inclination to do wrong.

We are held responsible for our sins and will have to account for them to God. The wages of sin is paid in death. Jesus, who had no sin, paid the price for our sin by His death on the cross. If we confess our sin, God will forgive us, give us the gift of life over death and consider us as righeous in His sight.

  1. SIN is a theme of:
    1. Genesis -- Gen. 6:5
    2. Judges -- Jdg 21:25
    3. Isaiah -- Isa 1:4
    4. Malachi -- Mal 1:8
    5. Romans -- Ro 2:12
    6. 1 John -- 1 Jn. 3:3-10
  2. Words for sin
    1. Transgression -- Ps 32:1-6
    2. Iniquity -- Ps 51:2.9
    3. Wickedness -- Gen. 6:5
    4. Evil -- Ge 8:21
    5. Rebellion -- Ex 34:7
    6. Uncleanness -- Lev 16:16
    7. Disobedience -- Jos 22:22
    8. Wrongdoing -- 1 Sa 24:11
    9. Guilt -- Isa 1:4
    10. Unrighteousness -- 1Jn 1:8-10
    11. Lawlessness -- 1Jn 3:4
    12. Depravity -- 2Pe 2:19
    13. Faults -- Ps 19:12
  3. The origin and extent of sin
    1. Original sin
      1. Adam and Eve disobeyed God's command -- Ge 3:1-7
      2. Their sin passed down to all humans -- Ro 5:12,15; 1Co 15:22
    2. Present extent of sin
      1. There is sin in everyone -- Ps 14:2-3; Ro 3:10-20-23
      2. Present already at conception -- Ps 51:5
      3. Permeates to the heart of people -- Gen. 6:5; Jer 17:9; Mt 15:18-20
      4. Christ alone was without sin -- 2Co 5:21; Heb 4:15; 1Pe 2:22; 1Jn 3:5
  4. God and human sin
    1. His negative reaction
      1. He is grieved over sin -- Ge 6:6
      2. He is angry over sin -- Ps 78:19-21,56-59; Jn 3:36; Ro 1:18
      3. He hates sin -- Ps 5:5; Pr 6:16-19
      4. He punishes sin -- Ge 3:15-19; Isa 3:11-26; Am 3:2
    2. His positive reaction
      1. He sent his Son to die for sinners -- Jn 3:16; Ro 5:8; 1Jn 4:10
      2. He forgives sin -- Ex 34:6-7; 1Jn 1:9
      3. He removes sin far away -- Ps 103:8-12
      4. He sweeps away sin -- Isa 44:22
      5. He hurls sin away -- Mic 7:19
      6. He puts sin behind his back -- Isa 38:17
      7. He no longer remembers our sin -- Jer 31:34
  5. Christ and human sin
    1. He was sinless -- 2Co 5:21; Heb 4:15; Heb 7:26; 1Pe 2:22; 1Jn 3:5
    2. He paid the penalty for sin -- Ro 4:25; 8:3; Col 2:13-14; 1Pe 2:24
    3. He forgives sin -- Mk 2:5-12; Lk 7:48; Col 1:13-14
    4. His blood redeems us from sin -- Eph 1:7
    5. His blood cleanses us from sin -- 1Jn 1:7
    6. He takes away the sin of the world -- Jn 1:29; 1Jn 2:2
  6. Humans and their sin
    1. How has sin affected us?
      1. We are responsible for our sin -- Eze 18:10-18
      2. We are accountable to God for sin -- Jer 17:10; 2Co 5:10; Rev 20:12
      3. We are subject to death because of sin -- Ge 2:17; Ro 6:23; Jas 1:15
      4. We cannot atone for our own sin -- Ps 49:7; Mt 16:26
    2. What should we do with our sin?
      1. We should confess it. -- Ps 32:1-5; Pr 28:13; 1Jn 1:9
      2. We should repent of it -- Eze 18:30-31; Ac 3:19-20
      3. We should turn from it -- Ps 34:14; Isa 1:16; 3Jn 11
      4. We should hate it -- Ps 97:10; Am 5:15; Ro 12:9
      5. We should throw it off -- Heb 12:1
      6. We should fight against it -- Eph 6:12-13; Heb 12:4
    3. What are the blessings after confession?
      1. We are forgiven our sin -- Ps 32:5; Ac 2:38, 10:43
      2. God considers us righteous -- Ro 4:5-8; Php 3:9
      3. We are purified from sin -- 1Jn 1:9
      4. We are freed from sin Ro 6:7, 18, 22; Rev 1:5
      5. We are no longer slaves to sin -- Ro 6:6,17
      6. We do not continue a life of sin -- 1 Jn. 3:3-10; 5:18
      7. We are dead to sin -- Ro 6:2,11
      8. We pass from death to life -- Ro 6:23